Knee Surg Relat Res.  2016 Jun;28(2):118-129. 10.5792/ksrr.2016.28.2.118.

Active Flexion in Weight Bearing Better Correlates with Functional Outcomes of Total Knee Arthroplasty than Passive Flexion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Joint Surgery, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Joint Reconstruction Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. osktk@snubh.org

Abstract

PURPOSE
Correlations between maximum flexion and functional outcomes in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are reportedly weak. We investigated whether there are differences between passive maximum flexion in nonweight bearing and other types of maximum flexion and whether the type of maximum flexion correlates with functional outcomes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 210 patients (359 knees) underwent preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up evaluations (6, 12, and 24 months) for the assessment of clinical outcomes including maximum knee flexion. Maximum flexion was measured under five conditions: passive nonweight bearing, passive weight bearing, active nonweight bearing, and active weight bearing with or without arm support. Data were analyzed for relationships between passive maximum flexion in nonweight bearing by Pearson correlation analyses, and a variance comparison between measurement techniques via paired t test.
RESULTS
We observed substantial differences between passive maximum flexion in nonweight bearing and the other four maximum flexion types. At all time points, passive maximum flexion in nonweight bearing correlated poorly with active maximum flexion in weight bearing with or without arm support. Active maximum flexion in weight bearing better correlated with functional outcomes than the other maximum flexion types.
CONCLUSIONS
Our study suggests active maximum flexion in weight bearing should be reported together with passive maximum flexion in nonweight bearing in research on the knee motion arc after TKA.

Keyword

Knee; Arthroplasty; Active flexion; Outcome
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