J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2016 May;23(2):136-148. 10.7739/jkafn.2016.23.2.136.

Factors Influencing Nursing Students' Performance of Infection Control

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Yonsei University, Samsung Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Nursing Policy Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Korea. yyyim87@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to investigate the level of nursing students' awareness, attitude, safety climate, and performance of infection control, and to identify factors influencing performance.
METHODS
The sample consisted of 239 nursing students from 5 nursing schools. Data were collected from November 15 to December 11, 2013 and analyzed by frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0.
RESULTS
Of the participants, 216 (90.4%) had experienced contact with infectious diseases. The performance of personal hygiene was scored the highest followed by standard precautions, transmission precautions, and vaccination. There were significant correlations between awareness, attitude, safety-climate and performance. Awareness, safety-climate, attitude, contents of infection control education, and direct exposure to infectious disease collectively explained 30% of the variance in performance, and awareness was the most influential factor.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that performance of infection control by nursing students can be increased if awareness, safety climate, attitude, and contents of infection control education are improved, and exposure to infectious disease is decreased. These findings can be utilized to improve performance by developing education programs for infection control.

Keyword

Nursing Student; Infection Control; Performance

MeSH Terms

Climate
Communicable Diseases
Education
Humans
Hygiene
Infection Control*
Nursing*
Schools, Nursing
Students, Nursing
Vaccination
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