Korean J Med Mycol.  2016 Mar;21(1):1-7. 10.17966/KJMM.2016.21.1.1.

Histopathology and Histochemistry in Cutaneous Fungal Infections

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu Korea. magincia@cu.ac.kr

Abstract

Dermatomycosis refers to any fungal infection of the skin and may be caused by dermatophytes, yeast, or other fungi, including those that do not usually cause cutaneous disease. Clinical diagnosis of a dermatomycosis can be confirmed by microscopic detection of fungal elements, by identification of the species through culture, or by histologic evidence of the presence of fungal material in the tissue. In superficial mycoses, direct smear with KOH and fungal culture are the most valuable and useful diagnostic methods. For this reason, skin biopsy is not often employed in the workup of dermatophytosis or other superficial mycoses. But it is useful in diagnosis of deep fungal infections and some lesions in which KOH examination of scale is negative. This review article aims to provide insights on the histopathology and various special stains in diagnosing dermatomycosis.

Keyword

Fungal infection; Histophatology; Special stain

MeSH Terms

Arthrodermataceae
Biopsy
Coloring Agents
Dermatomycoses
Diagnosis
Fungi
Mycoses
Skin
Tinea
Yeasts
Coloring Agents
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