J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2016 Mar;25(1):1-10. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.1.1.

Factors Influencing Metabolic Syndrome among Mental Health Facility Patients with Schizophrenia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea. chosunhy@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to identify prevalence of, and factors influencing metabolic syndrome among long-term care facility patients with schizophrenia.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a 20-item questionnaire. Clinical data for blood triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and fasting blood sugar were collected from medical records. Body weight, body fat, body mass index, blood pressure, height, and abdominal circumference were measured. Data for 198 participants were analyzed using t-test, x2 test and logistic regression.
RESULTS
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 56.1%. The number of persons who overate was significantly higher in the metabolic syndrome group than in the normal group (p<.001). Factors influencing metabolic syndrome were hyperphagia (p<.001), abdominal circumference (p<.001), systolic blood pressure (p=.040), blood triglyceride (p<.001), fasting blood sugar (p=.015), and HDL-cholesterol (p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that nurses working with patients who have chronic schizophrenic should make an effort to help patients achieve control of overeating behavior and reduce abdominal circumference to prevent metabolic syndrome.

Keyword

Hyperphagia; Long-term care; Metabolic syndrome X; Obesity; Schizophrenia
Full Text Links
  • JKAPMHN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr