Saf Health Work.  2016 Mar;7(1):1-5. 10.1016/j.shaw.2015.09.004.

Suicide Mortality Across Broad Occupational Groups in Greece: A Descriptive Study

Affiliations
  • 1Faculty of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece. ecalexop@med.uoa.gr
  • 2Suicidal Behaviour Research Laboratory, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK.
  • 3Peristeri's Regional Health Unit, Social Insurance Institute (IKA), Athens, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Several studies have investigated the relationship between specific occupations and suicide mortality, as suicide rates differ by profession. The aim of this study was to investigate suicide mortality ratios across broad occupational groups in Greece for both sexes in the period 2000-2009.
METHODS
Data of suicide deaths were retrieved from the Hellenic Statistical Authority and comparative mortality ratios were calculated. Occupational classification was based on the International Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) and the coding for Intentional self-harm (X60-X84) was based on the international classification of diseases (ICD-10).
RESULTS
Male dominant occupations, mainly armed forces, skilled farmers and elementary workers, and female high-skilled occupations were seen as high risk groups for suicide in a period of 10 years. The age-productive group of 30-39 years in Greek male elementary workers and the 50-59 age-productive group of Greek professional women proved to have the most elevated number of suicide deaths.
CONCLUSION
Further research is needed into the work-related stressors of occupations with high suicide mortality risk and focused suicide prevention strategies should be applied within vulnerable working age populations.

Keyword

gender; occupational health; occupational mortality; risk assessment; suicide
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