Brain Neurorehabil.  2016 Mar;9(1):6-12. 10.12786/bn.2016.9.1.6.

Musculoskeletal Problems in Upper Extremity after Stroke

  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center Jesus Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Korea.


Musculoskeletal problems in the upper extremity after stroke are common conditions affecting the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, which are often symptomatic. These symptomatic conditions include complex regional pain syndrome type 1, secondary adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, spasticity, secondary mechanical injuries, which often presents simultaneously in combined nature, so that one targeted treatment is not always successful. Musculoskeletal pain and complication is one of the reasons, for patients not being possible to start or participate in the daily regular rehabilitation programs actively after stroke.


Stroke; Complex regional pain syndrome; Spasticity; shoulder pain
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