J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2015 Sep;39(3):207-213. 10.11149/jkaoh.2015.39.3.207.

Assessment of the quality of life and oral health status in diabetic patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive & Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. jjbh@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Gwang-Jin Gu Public Health Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the quality of life and oral health status in diabetic patients as a result of non-surgical periodontal treatments.
METHODS
In total, 55 diabetic patients who visited the health care center at our institution participated in this study. The patients were divided randomly into 3 groups as follows: scaling and root planning (SRP), professional maintenance care (PMC), and control (CT). The patients were asked to answer the Short-Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) to evaluate their quality of life, and two examiners evaluated the patients' oral health status before and after the periodontal treatments. To evaluate the oral health status, the current number of teeth, DMFT index, bleeding on probing rate (BOP), pocket depth (PD), and calculus index (CI) were used. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS with appropriate sampling weights to adjust for the stratified sample design.
RESULTS
In both the SRP and PMC groups, the BOP and CI decreased after the treatment (P<0.05). In the SRP group, physical functioning and the mental health score increased (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
According to the results, non-surgical periodontal treatment in diabetic patients is effective in increasing the health-related quality of life.

Keyword

Diabetes; Non-surgical periodontal treatment; Oral health; Quality of life; SF-36
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