Clin Nutr Res.  2015 Jul;4(3):190-200. 10.7762/cnr.2015.4.3.190.

Eating Habits and Food Preferences of Elementary School Students in Urban and Suburban Areas of Daejeon

  • 1Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University, Yesan 340-702, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Kongju National University, Yesan 340-702, Korea.


This study investigated the dietary habits and food preferences of elementary school students. The survey was conducted by means of a questionnaire distributed to 4th and 5th grade elementary school students (400 boys and 400 girls) in urban and suburban areas of Daejeon. The results of this study were as follows: male students in urban areas ate breakfast, unbalanced diets, and dairy products more frequently than male students in suburban areas (p < 0.05). Female students in urban areas ate dairy products (p < 0.01) and fruits (p < 0.001) more frequently than female students in suburban areas. Students had the high preferences for boiled rice and noodles with black bean sauce, beef rib soup, steamed beef rib, steamed egg, beef boiled in soy sauce, egg roll, bulgogi, pork cutlet, deep-fried pork covered with sweet and sour starchy sauce, and honeyed juice mixed with fruit as a punch. All students preferred kimchi, although students in the suburban areas preferred kimchi-fried rice (p < 0.05), and those in the urban areas preferred bean-paste soup (p < 0.01). Students in suburban areas showed a greater preference for seasoned bean sprouts and Altari kimchi. All of the students preferred fruits, rice cake made with glutinous rice, and pizza among other foods. Overall, there were distinct differences in the eating habits and food preferences of elementary school students according to the place of residence.


Elementary school students; Eating habit; Food preference; Suburban; Urban

MeSH Terms

Dairy Products
Food Habits
Food Preferences*
Soy Foods


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