J Korean Soc Neonatol.  2007 May;14(1):87-92.

Percutaneous Nephrostomy Combined with Antifungal Agent Therapy for Both Hydronephrosis and Obstructive Uropathy in VLBW Infant

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea. ggum0106@hanmail.net
  • 2Radiology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

With increasing survival of smaller, more immunocompromised preterm infants, the incidence of invasive fungal infection is increasing among NICU patients, with highly associated morbidity and mortality. The most common site of end organ dissemination in premature infants with fungemia is the renal system. Renal fungal infection is followed by acute pyelonephritis and renal cortical abscess, and leads to obstructive nephropathy and renal failure. We recently experienced a case of VLBW infant who was dignosed as both hydronephrosis and obstructive uropathy due to Candida albicans that was treated intravenous amphotericin B combined with direct daily irrigation into the renal pelvis via percutaneous nephrostomy catheter.

Keyword

Renal candidiasis; Percutaneous nephrostomy; Prematurity
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