Korean J Pediatr.  2006 Jul;49(7):710-717. 10.3345/kjp.2006.49.7.710.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. pedhwang@ajouac.kr


Type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents has been increasing for last 10 years. The increase in frequency of type 2 diabetes appears to parallel the increase in prevalence and severity of obesity in children and adolescents. The metabolic syndrome, cluster of potent risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, consists of insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are rarely seen in the young, but the pathologic processes and risk factors are associated its development have been shown to begin during childhood. In pediatrician it is important to recognize early and treat aggressively for prevention of future cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Metabolic syndrome; Obesity
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