J Korean Diabetes.  2011 Jun;12(2):104-108. 10.4093/jkd.2011.12.2.104.

Vitamin D and Diabetes

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. jurea@snuh.org

Abstract

Epidemiologic evidence suggests that vitamin D status, as assessed by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, is associated with increased risk for diabetes, and that adequate intake of vitamin D may prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. Many individuals with diabetes have decreased levels of vitamin D, and lack of vitamin D may be associated with hyperglycemia, increased hemoglobin A1c, insulin resistance, and progression of diabetes. Optimal vitamin D status is needed to prevent adverse outcomes in diabetic patients. Increasing intake of vitamin D by diet, oral supplements and sun exposure may be easy and cost-effective methods to improve metabolic control and prevent diabetes.

Keyword

Vitamin D; Diabetes; 25-hydroxyvitamin D; Vitamin D supplement

MeSH Terms

Diet
Hemoglobins
Humans
Hyperglycemia
Insulin Resistance
Solar System
Vitamin D
Vitamins
Hemoglobins
Vitamin D
Vitamins
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