J Rhinol.  1997 May;4(1):50-56.

Reversibility of Ultrastructural Changes of Cultured Human Nasal Epithelial Cells Induced by Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alphacan induce ultrastructural changes in cultured human nasal epithelial cells. The aims of this study are to determine the recovery time from the changes induced by TNF-alphaand observe whether various degrees of changes will result in a complete return to normal status. The recovery of cilia was observed on the third day after cessation of adding TNF-alphaand the normalization of secretory cell area was observed on the fifth day. The morphologic changes induced by TNF-alpha were reversible except with the concentration of 100 ng/ml. The results suggest that the ultrastructural changes induced by TNF-alpha are mostly reversible and that this reversibility corresponds with the in vivo state.


Ultrastructure; Reversibility; TNF-alpha
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