Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2007 Dec;50(12):1712-1719.

Comparison of symptoms and characteristics in patients with urethral hypermobility and intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) in female stress urinary incontinence

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang university hospital, Cheonan, Korea. jgsunwoo@schch.co.kr
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheju National university hospital, Cheju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate how patients in the four diagnosis groups differ in their symptoms and other characteristic levels in female stress urinary incontinence METHOD: A retrospective chart review of 240 patients with stress urinary incontinence was performed. Patients were categorized as intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) or stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Within these groups, patients with hypermobility were separated from those without hypermobility. And then just patients with hypermobility were compared. Information on several types of symptoms and characteristics were captured for all patients.
RESULTS
There are nothing to do with among 4 each groups and 6 symptoms (frequency, urgency, postvoid dribbling, voiding difficulty, hematuria, recurrent infection) in stress urinary incontinence. Only in diabetic status and antiincontinence surgery did the diagnosis groups differ statistically. In diabetes, patient in the ISD without hypermobility tended to have a higher prevalence of diabetes than the other 3 groups (p=0.007). Patients in the ISD with hypermobility group were more likely to have antiincontinence surgery than thosein the SUI with hypermobility group (p=0.046). No other statistical comparisons were significant at the 0.05 level, although there is some evidence that patients in the ISD with hypermobility group were more likely to have a previous hysterectomy than those in the SUI with hypermobility group (p=0.072). Patients in the ISD without hypermobility group had the largest mean and median age among the four groups, and a statistically significant difference in age was detected across all groups (p<0.001). More specifically, the ISD without hypermobility group was significantly older than the SUI with hypermobility group.
CONCLUSION
There was no statistically significant among 4 each group according to each 6 symptom in stress urinary incontinence. Of the variables, diabetes, antiincontinence surgery history, hormonal use, parity and age tended to have a statistically significant difference.

Keyword

Stress incontinence; Urethral hypermobility; Intrinsic sphincter deficiency

MeSH Terms

Diagnosis
Female*
Hematuria
Humans
Hysterectomy
Parity
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Urinary Incontinence*
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