J Korean Burn Soc.  2010 Dec;13(2):91-96.

The Incidence and Risk Factors of Psychiatric Complications in Electrical Injury

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Hanil General Hospital, KEPCO Medical Foundation, Seoul, Korea. oceanpyo@empal.com
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Hanil General Hospital, KEPCO Medical Foundation, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hanil General Hospital, KEPCO Medical Foundation, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of General Surgery, Capital Armed Forced General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Electrical injuries may cause many psychiatric complications such as depression, acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), etc. The purpose
is to search the incidence of psychiatric complications in electrical injury and to compare its associated risk factors with other burn and trauma.
METHODS
We reviewed the medical records of 709 electrically injured patients who were admitted to Hanil General Hospital from 2002 to 2007. Psychiatric complications were defined as depression, acute stress disorder and PTSD according to DSM-IV. We sorted the medical records into demographics, hospitalization, electrical voltage, injured type, extent or site of burn and type of amputation.
RESULTS
Total incidence of psychiatric complications was 27.5% (Depression; 15.8%, acute stress disorder or PTSD; 17.6%). High voltage injured patients had psychiatric complications 2.38 times higher than low voltage. Incidence of psychiatric complications were 1.83 times in 6~10% of BSA, 2.01 times in 11~20% and 2.41 times in 21~30% higher than in 0~5% of BSA. If the site of burn included face, psychiatric complications occurred 1.96 times more than other sites. Patients with history of minor and major amputation showed 2.39 and 7.70 times incidence of psychiatric complications, respectively.
CONCLUSION
The risk factors of psychiatric complications were high voltage electrical injury, facial burn, extent of burn and history of amputation. If the patients have risk factors, earlier psychiatric consultation may help to manage the psychiatric complications of electrical injury.

Keyword

Electrical injury; Psychiatric complications; Incidence; Risk factors
Full Text Links
  • JKBS
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Copyright © 2020 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr