Arch Craniofac Surg.  2012 Apr;13(1):36-40. 10.7181/acfs.2012.13.1.36.

Statistical Analysis of Factors Associated with Facial Bone Fractures

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. S2639@paik.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
Statistical analysis of facial bone fractures has been performed in various papers. However, reports on risk factors for facial bone fractures are rare. In order to prevent facial bone fractures, it is important to determine the risk factors for their occurrence. This study seeks to perform a statistical analysis on and identify the risk factors associated with facial bone fractures.
METHODS
A retrospective study was performed to assess facial bone fractures in patients presenting from October 2009 to January 2011 through a chart review. The data collected included age, gender, etiology, and alcohol consumption. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression analysis. The significance level was set at p<0.05 and SAS ver. 9.2 was used.
RESULTS
A total of 489 patients were analyzed. The patients' age ranged from 2 to 85 years (mean age, 31.8+/-15.4 years). The ratio of men to women was 5.0:1. The predominant group was age below 19 years old (30.9%). The main causes of facial bone fractures were assaults (37.8%), falls (27.2%), and sport accidents (19.5%). On multinomial logistic regression analysis, age, especially in the teen group was associated with assaults (p<0.05) resulting in facial bone fractures. Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with assaults and falls (p<0.05) leading to facial bone fractures.
CONCLUSION
Facial bone fracture is a challenging problem, because of its high incidence and financial cost. The findings of this study indicate that more effective policies aimed at reducing alcohol intake and teenage violence are needed.

Keyword

Facial bone fracture
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