J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  1973 Dec;14(4):355-362.

Seasonal Development of Eye Diseases

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.


A disease may be closely related to the change of season, as metabolism in human body may variously change with the season and the weather. Especially in the field of ophthalmology, several diseases have close relationship to the season in its incidence. In Korea, however, there has not been a report on seasonal distribution and incidence of eye diseases. The author made investigation upon seasonal, sex and age incidence of several eye diseases in the patients who were seen at Woo-Sok Hospital and two other eye clinics during the past five years. The results were as follows: 1. Among a total of 35, 157 patients, the seasonal, sex and age incidence of hordeolum, chalazion, phlyctenular kerato-conjunctivitis, uveitis, herpetic keratitis and central serous retinopathy were investigated. 2. Hordeolum shows the highest incidence in the winter season, and higher incidence particularly in the patients with blepharitis. 3. Chalazion has the highest incidence in the third decade, but no remarkable seasonal variation. 4. Phlyctenular kerato-conjunctivitis has the highest incidence in the spring season. 5. Uveitis has the highest incidence in the winter, especially in the fourth decade. 6. Herpetic keratitis is frequently developed in the spring and autumn, especially in the male of fourth decade. 7. Central serous retinopathy has the highest incidence in the winter season in healthy young adult male.

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