J Korean Orthop Assoc.  1999 Aug;34(4):763-767.

The Diagnosis of Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy: Multiplex-PCR methods

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sungkyunkwan University College of Medicine.
  • 2Genetic Research Labaratory, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The objective of this study is to evaluate the value of multiple-PCR as a diagnostic modality in detection of dystrophin gene deletion by observing its detection rate and concordance rate with clinical diagnosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Fifty-two male patients who were clinically diagnosed as DMD or BMD (Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy) and received multiple-PCR from 1994 to 1997 at our center were included in this study. The relationship between clinical phenotype and the location of gene deletion were studied using reading-frame rule. Dystrophin protein analysis by immunocyto-chemical technique was done in 7 cases with negative multiplex-PCR.
RESULTS
Out of fifty-two patients, thirty-four were DMD and eighteen as BMD clinically. Multiplex-PCR revealed dystrophin gene deletion in 19 patients (36%) consisting of twelve DMD and seven BMD cases. The locations of the gene deletion coincide with the clinical phenotype in 17 cases (89%). Among the 7 cases that underwent dystrophin protein analysis, 3 DMD and 2 BMD were confirmed.
CONCLUSIONS
Though no substantial gene deletion detection rate was observed in this study, multiple-PCR could be used as a first-line diagnostic tool in detecting dystrophin gene deletion in DMD/BMD patients based on its high concordance rate with phenotype and favorable patient compliance and convenience.

Keyword

Becker muscular dystrophy; Multiplex-PCR
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