Korean J Nephrol.  2003 Jan;22(1):130-134.

Diabetic Muscle Infarction in a Patient with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. choikc@chonnam.ac.kr

Abstract

Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is a rare condition occurring in subjects with long-standing complicated diabetes mellitus. We report DMI in a 65-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with review of this condition in the literature. He had been suffered from type 2 diabetes mellitus for 21 years. In 1997, he reached end-stage renal disease and had received on renal replacement therapy with CAPD since then. In June 2002, he presented with sudden and spontaneous onset of severe pain in the right thigh region. He was afebrile, and the right thigh was swollen and tender but not erythematous. Laboratory data on admission included white blood cell count of 15, 800/mm3, hemoglobin 9.0 g/dL, platelet count 264, 000/mm3, BUN 102.3 mg/dL, serum creatinine 9.9 mg/dL, fasting blood glucose 85 mg/dL, postprandial 2 hours blood glucose 162 mg/ dL, hemoglobin A1C 5.84%, ESR 125 mm/h (it was 52 mm/h one month earlier), CRP 18.9 mg/dL, and normal levels of creatinine kinase. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed asymmetry of the muscle in T1-weighted images and increased signal intensity involving the medial portion of right thigh (adductor longus, adductor magnus, vastus intermedius muscle, etc) in T2-weighted images with no contrast enhancement. Radioisotope venography of the ileo-femoral veins was normal, excluding deep venous thrombosis as a cause. The right thigh was explored surgically and a biopsy taken from the vastus intermedius muscle was consistent with chronically inflammed scar tissue with no evidence of malignancy. A biopsy taken from the vastus intermedius muscle showed hemorrhagic necrosis of skeletal muscle, with lymphcytic infiltration. Most of the blood vessels appeared normal. The swelling resolved spontaneously following a few weeks of bedrest and analgesia. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of DMI in patients undergoing renal replacement therapy in Korea.

Keyword

Diabetic muscle infarction; End-stage renal disease; Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

MeSH Terms

Aged
Analgesia
Bed Rest
Biopsy
Blood Glucose
Blood Vessels
Cicatrix
Creatinine
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Fasting
Humans
Infarction*
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Korea
Leukocyte Count
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Muscle, Skeletal
Necrosis
Peritoneal Dialysis
Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
Phlebography
Phosphotransferases
Platelet Count
Quadriceps Muscle
Renal Replacement Therapy
Thigh
Veins
Venous Thrombosis
Blood Glucose
Creatinine
Phosphotransferases
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