Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2001 Nov;44(11):1961-1967.

Amifostine Pretreatment for Protection against Cisplatin-based Combination Chemotherapy in Gynecologic Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Amifostine (Ethyol(R)), an organic thiophosphate, has shown the ability to protect normal, but not neoplastic, tissues from the damaging effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in various kinds of cancers. This study was designed to determine ifostine could reduce the serious hematologic and nephrologic toxicities associated with cisplatin based combination chemotherapy in gynecologic cancer patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Forty patients who received cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy were randomized into two groups. They received chemotherapy with or without pretreatment of amifostine before each course. The occurrence of hematologic and renal toxicities were evaluated. Stastical analysis was done by independent t-test and Chi-square test.
RESULTS
Hematologic toxicity was evaluated with nadir count of neutrophil and platelet. The nadir count of neutrophil was 2034.2+/-1199.20/microliter in group with pretreatment using amifostine vs 1070.85+/-472.66/microliter in control group (p<0.01). Platelet count was not statistically different. (p<0.16) Grade 3 neutropenia was observed in nine (45%) patients in pretreatment group vs four (20%) patients with control group (p<0.09). Grade 4 neutropenia occurred in one patient only in control group. Renal toxicity was evaluated by serum creatinine and creatinine clearance. Protracted serum creatinine elevation was not significant in both groups. (p<0.14) Reduction of creatinine clearance was less in patients with pretreatment (p<0.01). There were no significant side reactions in subjects using amifostine.
CONCLUSION
Pretreatment with amifostine reduces the neutropenia and nephrotoxicity associated with cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy with gynecologic cancer patients.

Keyword

Amifostine; chemotherapy toxicity; gynecologic cancer; cytoprotectant; ethyol

MeSH Terms

Amifostine*
Blood Platelets
Cisplatin
Creatinine
Drug Therapy
Drug Therapy, Combination*
Humans
Neutropenia
Neutrophils
Platelet Count
Radiotherapy
Amifostine
Cisplatin
Creatinine
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