J Korean Med Sci.  2014 Dec;29(12):1665-1671. 10.3346/jkms.2014.29.12.1665.

Clinical Characteristics and Survival of Korean Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients Based on Vasoreactivity

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. sdlee@amc.seoul.kr
  • 3Center for Pulmonary Hypertension and Venous Thromboembolism, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

We aimed to identify a vasoreactive subset of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) in Korea and to show their clinical characteristics and prognosis. Data on patients who were diagnosed with IPAH at Asan Medical Center between January 1994 and March 2013 were retrospectively collected. Acute vasodilator testing was performed with inhaled nitric oxide during diagnostic right heart catheterization. A positive acute response was defined as a reduction in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) > or =10 mmHg to an absolute level of mean PAP <40 mmHg without a decrease in cardiac output. Among a total of 60 IPAH patients included for analysis, 9 (15%) showed a positive acute response to acute vasodilator testing. Acute responders showed significantly lower peak velocity of a tricuspid regurgitation jet on echocardiography (4.1+/-0.3 m/s vs. 4.6+/-0.6 m/s; P=0.01) and significantly lower mean PAP hemodynamically (47+/-10 mmHg vs. 63+/-17 mmHg; P=0.003) than non-responders at baseline. The survival rate of acute responders was 88% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 yr, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of non-responders (85%, 71%, 55%, and 40%, respectively; P=0.029). In conclusion, Korean IPAH patients with vasoreactivity showed better baseline hemodynamic features and survival than those without vasoreactivity.

Keyword

Hypertension, Pulmonary; Vasodilator Agents; Calcium Channel Blockers; Survival Rate

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Female
Humans
Hypertension, Pulmonary/*diagnosis/*mortality/physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Prognosis
Reproducibility of Results
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Survival Rate
Vascular Resistance/*drug effects
Vasodilator Agents/*diagnostic use
Young Adult
Vasodilator Agents
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