Infect Chemother.  2015 Jun;47(2):133-136. 10.3947/ic.2015.47.2.133.

Sacral Herpes Zoster Associated with Voiding Dysfunction in a Young Patient with Scrub Typhus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea. sarang7529@hanmail.net

Abstract

When a patient presents with acute voiding dysfunction without a typical skin rash, it may be difficult to make a diagnosis of herpes zoster. Here, we present a case of scrub typhus in a 25-year-old man with the complication of urinary dysfunction. The patient complained of loss of urinary voiding sensation and constipation. After eight days, he had typical herpes zoster eruptions on the sacral dermatomes and hypalgesia of the S1-S5 dermatomes. No cases of dual infection with varicella zoster virus and Orientia tsutsugamushi were found in the literature. In the described case, scrub typhus probably induced sufficient stress to reactivate the varicella zoster virus. Early recognition of this problem is imperative for prompt and appropriate management, as misdiagnosis can lead to long-term urinary dysfunction. It is important that a diagnosis of herpes zoster be considered, especially in patients with sudden onset urinary retention.

Keyword

Herpes zoster; Scrub typhus; Urinary retention
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