J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2001 Jun;5(1):76-85.

Analysis of the Risk Factors and Psychotropics' Role in the Falls of the Dementic Elderlies in a Nursing Home

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kangnam General Hospital Public Corporation, Seoul, Korea. cardura@bora.dacom.co.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study examines the risk factors of the falls of the dementic elderlies in the nursing home. Especially we investigated how the psychotropics affect them in the aspect of the falling tendency.
METHODS
We investigated the falls of the 262 patients living in the Seoul JungGae Nursing Home for six month since March 1 1999. Among these we recruited 182 patients whom the exclusion criteria was applied to, and then we measured the relative risks of risk factors known from the previous studies.
RESULTS
The incidence rate of falls is 40.1/100person year. The relative risk of gender, age, disease of central nervous system, chronic illness, cognitive function, antipsychotics, antidepressants and anxiolytics had no significance (p>0.05). BADL, mobility, mood stabilizers were related with the falls significantly, and the relative risks were 0.904 (95%CI 0.840-0.973), 1.744 (95%CI 1.064-2.858), 4.683 (95%CI 1.412-15.532) relatively.
CONCLUSIONS
The average rate of falling was 40.1/100person year showing less frequent accidents than that of other foreign studies, which was assumed the large number the care-givers and sitting life style on the floor helped preventing the elderlis' falling. Although The gender, age, disease of central nervous system, chronic illness, cognitive function, antipsychotics, antidepressants and anxiolytics did not influence the rate of the falling tendendy of the elderlies, the mobility and impaired activity of daily living increased the rate of their falling. The elderlies taking psychotropics more fell than others not taking pills. The imbalance between the mobile potency and imposed real activity causes the falls. When the psychotropics affect negatively on the mobility, it increases the falling rate of the elderlies. On the other hands, when these affect positively, these prevent elderlies falling.

Keyword

Dementia; Fall; Psychotropics
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