J Korean Foot Ankle Soc.  2008 Jun;12(1):20-25.

Comparison of Proximal Metatarsal Osteotomy andDistal Chevron Osteotomy for Correction of Hallux Valgus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bundang CHA Hospital, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University, Sungnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. orthopaedee@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is comparison of radiological and clinical outcomes between proximal metatarsal osteotomy and distal chevron osteotomy for the correction of hallux valgus.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In this retrospective study, we included subjects who underwent the correction of hallux valgus in our institution between March 2001 and August 2006, with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. The group of proximal metatarsal osteotomy was 23 patients (34 feet); the group of distal chevron osteotomy was 20 patients (26 feet). The group of proximal metatarsal osteotomy was composed of 26 severe cases (76.5%) and 8 moderate cases (23.5%); the group of distal chevron osteotomy was composed of 13 severe cases (50.0%) and 13 moderate cases (50.0%).
RESULTS
Compared to preoperative values, the hallux valgus angle, the first-second intermetatarsal angle and the distance of first-fifth metatarsal head were significantly decreased in two groups (p<0.05). In each parameter, the hallux valgus angle was decreased 66.3% (proximal metatarsal osteotomy) versus 49.6% (distal chevron osteotomy), which were significant (p=0.037). The first-second intermetatarsal angle and the distance of first-fifth metatarsal head were not significant. Mayo clinic forefoot scoring system (FFSS) score was significantly improved in two groups (p<0.05). The ratio of improvement was not significant (p=0.762). In severe group, hallux valgus angle and the first-second intermetatarsal angle was significantly decreased in proximal metatarsal osteotomy group compared to distal chevron osteotomy group (p<0.05), but the difference of the distance of first-fifth metatarsal head and FFSS score was not significant in both groups. In moderate group, the difference of all parameters was not significant in both groups.
CONCLUSION
Although both proximal metatarsal osteotomy and distal chevron osteotomy showed satisfactory result in FFSS, proximal metatarsal osteotomy was more proper operative technique than distal chevron osteotomy in severe group, because of superiority of correction in radiological parameters.

Keyword

Hallux valgus; Proximal metatarsal osteotomy; Distal chevron osteotomy

MeSH Terms

Follow-Up Studies
Hallux
Hallux Valgus
Head
Humans
Metatarsal Bones
Osteotomy
Retrospective Studies
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