Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.  2010 Feb;43(1):47-52.

The Prognostic Factors of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Rupture

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Korea. bay@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is not common, but it requires swiftly performing an emergency operation. This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic factors for mortality after surgically treating traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From Jan 2001 to Dec. 2008, we experienced 37 cases of multiple traumas with diaphragmatic injuries that were confirmed by surgical procedures. We evaluated various factors, including the type of injury, the associated injuries, the preoperative vital signs, the ISS, the time until surgery and the rupture size. RESULT: There were 30 patients with blunt trauma and 7 patients with penetrating trauma. Thirty-four patients had associated injuries and the mean ISS was 20.8. Postoperative complications occurred in 11 patients and hospital mortalities occurred in 6 patients. The prognostic factors that had an influence on the postoperative mortalities were the preoperative intubation state, the patient who exhibited hypotension and a high ISS.
CONCLUSION
Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is just one part of multiple traumas. The postoperative mortalities might depend on not only on the diaphragmatic rupture itself, but also on the severity of the associated injuries.

Keyword

Diaphragm; Trauma; Rupture; Prognosis

MeSH Terms

Diaphragm
Emergencies
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Hypotension
Intubation
Multiple Trauma
Postoperative Complications
Prognosis
Rupture
Vital Signs
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