Korean J Urol.  2002 Mar;43(3):219-223.

Does Transurethral Resection Affect the Results of Computed Tomography in the Clinical Staging of Invasive Bladder Cancer?

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Urology and 1Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Purpose
Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used for the clinical staging of bladder cancer. However, a previous transurethral resection (TUR) often results in an overestimation of a proper muscle and perivesical fat invasion in the CT. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a TUR on CT staging in patients with bladder cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 67 patients who underwent a radical cystectomy for primary bladder cancer were included in this study. CT was performed before a TUR in 38 patients (group 1) and after a TUR in 29 (group 2). In each patient, CT evaluated the presence or absence of a proper muscle and perivesical fat invasion and the findings were then compared with the histopathologic findings following the radical cystectomy.
RESULTS
CT had an overall staging accuracy of 79.1% for a proper muscle invasion and 67.2% for a perivesical fat invasion. For a proper muscle invasion, there was a significant difference between both groups in the CT specificity (76.9% vs. 30.0%, p=0.024) while no difference in the sensitivity (92.0% vs. 89.5%) was noted. For a perivesical fat invasion, there was also a significant difference between the two groups in terms of the CT specificity (75.0% vs. 35.7%, p=0.022) while there was no difference in the sensitivity (72.2% vs. 80.0%).
CONCLUSIONS
A TUR before a CT may cause a false positive result in the clinical staging of bladder cancer using CT. Therefore, to minimize the confounding effect of a TUR on CT staging, it is strongly recommended that a CT be performed before a TUR in the case of a highly suspicious invasive bladder cancer.

Keyword

Bladder cancer; Tumor staging; Transurethral resection; Computed tomography
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