J Korean Diabetes.  2012 Jun;13(2):99-101. 10.4093/jkd.2012.13.2.99.

Breastfeeding and Diabetes

  • 1Kwandong Medical Department, University of Cheil General Hospital, Nutrition Department, Seoul, Korea. chenutr@cgh.co.kr


As interest in breastfeeding from the perspectives of nutrition, immunology, and psychology has increased, breastfeeding is being strongly recommended as it has been found to have a positive impact on the health of mothers and children. A number of studies showed that post-delivery breastfeeding by diabetic patients aides in weight reduction and blood sugar control. In particular, these studies showed that breastfeeding prevents the reoccurrence of gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes. In addition, for the children of diabetic mothers, breastfeeding is known to reduce the chances of development of child obesity and type 2 diabetes. Hence, there is a strong need for education about and encouragement of post-delivery breastfeeding for pregnant women who suffer from pre-pregnancy diabetes or gestational diabetes.


Breastfeeding; Diabetes mellitus; Gestational diabetes; Obesity

MeSH Terms

Blood Glucose
Breast Feeding
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes, Gestational
Pregnant Women
Weight Loss
Blood Glucose


1. Wojnar D. Maternal perceptions of early breastfeeding experience and breastfeeding outcome at 6 weeks. Clin Eff Nurs. 2004. 8:93–100.
2. Ko SY. Maternal diseases and breast milk feeding. Korean J Perinatol. 2005. 16:211–215.
3. Mayer-Davis EJ, Rifas-Shiman SL, Zhou L, Hu FB, Colditz GA, Gillman MW. Breast-feeding and risk for childhood obesity: does maternal diabetes or obesity status matter? Diabetes Care. 2006. 29:2231–2237.
4. Gunderson EP. Breastfeeding after gestational diabetes pregnancy: subsequent obesity and type 2 diabetes in women and their offspring. Diabetes Care. 2007. 30:Suppl 2. S161–S168.
5. Stuebe AM, Rich-Edwards JW, Willett WC, Manson JE, Michels KB. Duration of lactation and incidence of type 2 diabetes. JAMA. 2005. 294:2601–2610.
6. Catalano PM, Vargo KM, Bernstein IM, Amini SB. Incidence and risk factors associated with abnormal postpartum glucose tolerance in women with gestational diabetes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991. 165(4 Pt 1):914–919.
7. Hamman RF, Wing RR, Edelstein SL, Lachin JM, Bray GA, Delahanty L, Hoskin M, Kriska AM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pi-Sunyer X, Regensteiner J, Venditti B, Wylie-Rosett J. Effect of weight loss with lifestyle intervention on risk of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006. 29:2102–2107.
8. Brewer MM, Bates MR, Vannoy LP. Postpartum changes in maternal weight and body fat depots in lactating vs nonlactating women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989. 49:259–265.
9. Kim JH, Kim SH, Park BK, Park SM, Huh KH, Hwang SH. The effect of breast-feeding according to intake of meals and blood glucose of the postpartum women diagnosed to gestational diabetes. In : The 15th Korea-Japan Symposium on Diabetes Mellitus; 2009 Nov; Jeju. 222.
10. Kjos SL, Henry O, Lee RM, Buchanan TA, Mishell DR Jr. The effect of lactation on glucose and lipid metabolism in women with recent gestational diabetes. Obstet Gynecol. 1993. 82:451–455.
11. McManus RM, Cunningham I, Watson A, Harker L, Finegood DT. Beta-cell function and visceral fat in lactating women with a history of gestational diabetes. Metabolism. 2001. 50:715–719.
12. Choi HM. Nutrition in pregnancy. Korean J Obstet Gynecol. 2008. 51:481–491.
13. Rizzo T, Metzger BE, Burns WJ, Burns K. Correlations between antepartum maternal metabolism and child intelligence. N Engl J Med. 1991. 325:911–916.
14. The Korean Nutrition Society. Dietary reference intakes for Koreans. 2010. 1st revision. Seoul: Han-a-rum;43.
15. Fewtrell MS, Morgan JB, Duggan C, Gunnlaugsson G, Hibberd PL, Lucas A, Kleinman RE. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations? Am J Clin Nutr. 2007. 85:635S–638S.
16. Shin YH. Nutritional and immunological characteristics of breast milk: a review. Korean Parent Child Health J. 2000. 3:94–107.
17. Jang GJ, Kim MY, Suh SR, Shin YH, Chung KA, Lee IH, Kim SH. Growth profiles of breastfed infants participating the "Year 2005 Healthy Breastfed Baby Contest". J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs. 2008. 14:71–78.
18. Lee JJ. Relations of infant breast-feeding and neurologic and psychosocial development on children. Korean Public Health Res. 2004. 30:45–56.
Full Text Links
  • JKD
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr