J Genet Med.  2013 Jun;10(1):1-6. 10.5734/JGM.2013.10.1.1.

Chronic Granulomatous Disease on Jeju Island, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.
  • 2Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. kyungsue@jejunu.ac.kr

Abstract

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder of a defective NADPH oxidase enzyme, resulting in very low or no production of superoxide and subsequent reactive oxygen species. Consequently, patients with CGD are highly susceptible to severe bacterial and fungal infections. CGD is a genetically heterogeneous disease caused by defects in any one of the genes encoding the NADPH oxidase components. CGD generally affects about 3-4 per 1,000,000 individuals; thus, it is surprising that the prevalence of CGD on Jeju Island is 34.3 per 1,000,000 individuals. At present, 20 patients with CGD from 14 unrelated families on Jeju Island have been identified; nine males and 11 females. All patients with CGD tested on Jeju Island had an identical and homozygous mutation (c.7C>T in CYBA, p.Q3X in p22phox). Therefore, all patients were autosomal recessive form of CGD. This strongly suggests that the unique and identical mutation in CYBA may be inherited from a common proband. Using mutation-specific primers to detect the mutated allele in CYBA, the frequency of subjects carrying a mutated allele was 1.3% of enrolled subjects from Seogwipo City. Further studies are necessary to elucidate how frequently this mutant allele occurs in the population on Jeju Island. Additionally, it is important to construct a national registry system to understand the pathophysiology of CGD and develop a strategy for long-term therapy.

Keyword

Chronic granulomatous disease; NADPH oxidase; CYBA; p22phox
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