Hanyang Med Rev.  2010 Feb;30(1):24-30. 10.7599/hmr.2010.30.1.24.

Breast Milk for the Premature Baby

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. sujin-cho@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

Breast milk is the gold standard for full term babies as well as premature babies. Breast milk provides nutritional, gastroenterological, immunological, neurodevelopmental and psychological benefits to the premature baby. These benefits decrease acute morbidities and provide long term benefits. Despite the knowledge that breast milk is best, many obstacles must be overcome for a premature infant to receive optimal nutrition from breast milk. Insufficient amount and difficulty in pumping are some issues that are easily solved with education and support. Inadequacy of minerals and electrolytes in breast milk after one month may be overcome with the use of commercial fortifiers for the optimal growth of the growing premature baby. The use of donor breast milk is increasing. It is the responsibility of the medical personnel to promote breast milk in premature babies by being concerned about the obstacles and preventing problems from arising beforehand.

Keyword

Premature infant; Enteral nutrition; Breast milk

MeSH Terms

Breast
Electrolytes
Enteral Nutrition
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Milk, Human
Minerals
Tissue Donors
Electrolytes
Minerals
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