J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2003 Dec;38(7):665-671.

Segmental Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracolumbar or Lumbar Idiopathic Scoliosis

Affiliations
  • 1Seoul Spine Institute, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Korea. dragon@sanggyepaik.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hallym University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boramae Municipal Hospital, Korea.
  • 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To analyze surgical outcomes of thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis treated with segmental pedicle screw fixation, and to determine the exact distal fusion level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven idiopathic thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis patients (6 thoracolumar and 1 lumbar scoliosis, 7 females with mean age of 15.9 years) subjected to segmental pedicle screw fixation with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were retrospectively analyzed for deformity correction, stable vertebra, lower instrumeted vertebral tilt (LIVT) and coronal balance using pre and post-operative standing radiographs. The bending stable vertebra and the rotational correction of L3 were measured in preoperative bending radiographs. The L3 rotation in the bending radiographs was less than Nash-Moe grade II in all patients. The bending stable vertebra was L3 in 4 patients and L4 in 3. An unsatisfactory result was defined as an LIVT of more than 10degrees or a coronal imbalance of more than 10 mm. RESULTS: Distal fusion went down to L3 in 6 patients and L4 in one patient whose bending stable vertebra had been L4 preoperatively. The preoperative average major curve of 52degrees was corrected to 10degrees (81% correction). The preoperative average thoracic curve of 27degrees and the average lumbosacral curve of 26degrees were corrected to 14degrees and 5degrees, respectively. Two patients with distal fusion to L3 showed unsatisfactory results; LIVT was more than 10degrees in both patients and coronal imbalance more than 10 mm in one. Both the patients had bending stable vertebra of L4 preoperatively. CONCLUSION: In the correction of thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis with segmental pedicle screw fixation, the curve could be fused to L3 when the L3 rotation in the bending radiograph was less than Nash-Moe grade II and the bending stable vertebra was L3.

Keyword

Idiopathic scoliosis; Thoracolumbar scoliosis; Lumbar scoliosis; Distal fusion level; Segmental pedicle screw fixation
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