J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  1999 Jun;3(1):44-52.

Epidemiological Study of Dementia in a Korea Urban Area

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Korea University Research Institute of Mental Health, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Dementia is major neuropsychiatic disorder in the elderly. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of dementia and provide fundamental data for community mental health programs. METHOD: 500 elderly people aged 65 years and over in Kwachon were interviewed according to DSM-IV and examined MMSE-K, Korea-Dementia Rating Scale (K-DRS), Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), Modified Hatchinski Ischemic Scale (MHIS) by trained research assistants.
RESULTS
Prevalence of dementia is 10.6% (Alzheimer type 8.0%;vascular type 2.6%). Old age, lower education, cardiovascular disease, head trauma and heavy smoking seem to be risk factors for developing dementia but sex difference is non significant.
CONCLUSION
The results showed similar prevalence rates compared to other epidemiological studies. Demented group showed more cognitive disturbances than non-demented one. For patients of dementia, appropriate treatment and management by family members, other caregivers and mental health professionals are needed.

Keyword

Elderly; Epidemiology; Dementia
Full Text Links
  • JKGP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2020 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr