J Korean Cancer Assoc.  1997 Dec;29(6):1094-1099.

Transhiatal Esophagectomy Using Laparoscope in Esophageal Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To remove the tumor and to restore continuity is very important in patients with esophageal cancer for cure of disease or palliation. To compare the outcome of Transhiatal Esophagectomy using Laparoscope (Lapa-THE), author`s modification of traditional tanshiatal esophagectomy, with that of transhiatal esophagectomy (THE).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The author performed THE in 10 cases with esophageal cancer and Lapa-THE in 5 cases with esophageal cancer from March 1992 to August 1996 in Department of Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital.
RESULTS
Of all 15 cases with esophageal cancer, 6 cases were occurred at 6th decade and 3 cases were occurred at 7th decade. The ratio of male to female was 4:1. The all 5 cases with Lapa-THE were mid-thoracic esophageal cancers. Of 10 cases with THE, the cancer occurred 2 cases in mid-thoracic esophagus, 4 cases in lower-thoracic esophagus and 4 cases in cardia portin. According to pathological type, the 12 cases were squamous cell carcinoma, 2 cases were adenocarcinoma, and 1 case was small cell carcinoma. Of all 10 cases with THE, the postoperative death was occurred in 1 case due to graft necrosis, other postoperative complications were occured in 5 cases, stenosis of anastomotic site in 3 cases, wound infection in 1 case and pleural effusion in 1case. In the cases with Lapa-THE, stenosis was occurred in 1 case, wound infection in 1 case and there was no postoperative death.
CONCLUSION
The Lapa-THE is comparable therapeutic technique with conventional THE for treatment of patient with esophsgeal cancer, especially it was useful in mid-thoracic esophageal cancer.

Keyword

Esophageal cancer; Transhiatal esophagectomy; Laparoscope
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