Diabetes Metab J.  2012 Feb;36(1):43-55. 10.4093/dmj.2012.36.1.43.

Prevalence of Dyslipidemia among Korean Adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 1998-2005

  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hckim@yuhs.ac
  • 2Severance Institute for Vascular and Metabolic Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.


Dyslipidemia is a disorder of lipid metabolism, including elevated total cholesterol, elevated triglyceride, elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The objective of this study was to investigate recent changes in the prevalence of dyslipidemia and also the rates of awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia among Korean adults.
Dyslipidemia is defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III as total cholesterol > or =240 mg/dL, LDL-C > or =160 mg/dL, HDL-C <40 mg/dL, and triglyceride > or =200 mg/dL. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was estimated for adults aged > or =20 years using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES) in 1998 (n=6,923), 2001 (n=4,882), and 2005 (n=5,323). Rates of awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia were calculated for adults aged > or =30 years using the KNHANES in 2005 (n=4,654).
The prevalence of dyslipidemia (aged > or =20 years) increased from 32.4% in 1998 to 42.6% in 2001 and 44.1% in 2005. Compared with the KNHANES in 1998, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 47% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35% to 59%) higher in 2001 and 61% (95% CI, 49% to 75%) higher in 2005. In 2005, only 9.5% of people with dyslipidemia were aware of the disease, 5.2% used lipid-lowering medication, and 33.2% of patients with treatment reached treatment goals.
The prevalence of dyslipidemia in Korea gradually increased between 1998 and 2005. These findings suggest that more intense efforts for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia may lead to further improvement in the management of dyslipidemia.


Dyslipidemia; Lipids; Prevalence
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