J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2011 Jan;49(1):65-72. 10.4047/jkap.2011.49.1.65.

Surface roughness changes caused by the galvanic corrosion between a titanium abutment and base metal alloy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Collage of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. jmpark@jbnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of electro-chemical corrosion and surface roughness change for the cases of Ti abutment connected to restoration made of base metal alloys.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
It was hypothesized that Ni-Cr alloys in different compositions possess different corrosion resistances, and thus the specimens (13x13x1.5 mm) in this study were fabricated with 3 different types of metal alloys, commonly used for metal ceramic restorations. The electrochemical characteristics were evaluated with potentiostat (Parstat 2273A) and the level of surface roughness change was observed with surface roughness tester. Paired t-test was used to compare mean average surface roughness (Ra) changes of each specimen group.
RESULTS
All specimens made of nickel-chromium based alloys, average surface roughness was increased significantly (P < .05). Among them, the Ni-Cr-Be alloy (0.016 +/- 0.007 microm) had the largest change of roughness followed by Ni-Cr (0.012 +/- 0.003 microm) and Ni-Cr-Ti (0.012 +/- 0.002 microm) alloy. There was no significant changes in surface roughness between each metal alloys after corrosion.
CONCLUSION
In the case of galvanic couples of Ti in contact with all specimens made of nickel-chromium based alloys, average surface roughness was increased.

Keyword

Galvanic corrosion; Surface roughness; Nickel-Chromium alloy; Titanium abutment
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