J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  1998 Mar;9(1):63-69.

Cardiac Functions and Hemodynamic Values Related to Prognosis of The Septic Shock Patients in the Emergency Department


BACKGROUND: Septic shock is characterized by an abnormal vascular tone that has been related to various factors. Myocardial depression can also occur in septic shock. Various experimental studies have indicated that the myocardial depression could be present early in the course of septic shock. This study aimed to assess hemodynamic characteristics according to outcome of septic shock in emergency department. METHOD: The study population comprised 20 patients admitted to our emergency department for septic shock. All patients with septic shock(prolonged hypotension, signs of tissue hypoperfusion, signs of sepsis, suspected source of infection, or documented bacteremia) had conventional serial hemodynamic evaluations in emergency department to identify early hemodynamic variables that predicted outcome. All patients were monitored with a pulmonary artery catheter and an arterial catheter. Hemodynamic measurements and oxygen profile were obtained.
There were 9(53%) survivors and 8(47%) nonsurvivors. There were no significant differences in systolic pressure, pulse rate, mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, systemic vascular resistance index, and pulmonary vascular resistance index between survivors and nonsurvivors at initial hemodynamic value. However, significant differences were found in cardiac index(4.3+/-0.5 vs. 2.74+/-0.7 L/min/m2), stroke volume index(44+/-10 vs. 23+/-5 ml/beat/m2), left ventricular stroke work index(39+/-11 vs. 15+/-6 gm m/m2), and right ventricular stroke work index(8.1+/-3.0 vs. 5.2+/-2.9 gm m/m2) between survivors and nonsurvivors at initial hemodynamic value.
Survivors had better myocardial function than nonsurvivors during the early phase of septic shock. This results suggest that myocardial depression during septic shock develops in the early course of septic shock, which is associated with outcome.

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