Korean J Vet Res.  2013 Jun;53(2):69-71.

Development of fontanelle and paranasal sinuses in the skull of prenatal buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

  • 1Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Hyderabad 500030, India. santhi.mukku@gmail.com
  • 2Faculty of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati 517502, India.
  • 3Animal Husbandry & Animal Welfare Department, Puducherry 605001, India.


The maxillary sinus appeared first among the sinuses of the skull at 92 days of prenatal stage. The early formation of frontal sinus was observed at 157 days in the cranial most part of the frontal bone while the early formation of palatine sinus was observed at 170 days. A total of five fontanelles were observed in prenatal skulls of buffalo. The largest and unpaired fontanelle was anterior fontanelle. The mastoid and sphenoidal fontanelle were paired. The ossification of anterior fontanelle was first observed at 164 days. All the fontanelles were ossified completely prenatally.


development; fontanelle; paranasal sinuses; prenatal buffalo; skull
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