Korean J Orthod.  1980 Dec;10(1):15-27.

A roentgenocephalomtric study on maxillary protrusion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University, Korea.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to compare the craniofacial morphology of Class II, Division 1 malocclusion with that of normal occlusion in children, and to investigate the incidence of various Class II, Division 1 craniofacial skeletal patterns. The subjects consist thirty seven boys and fifty three girls with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion, and forty six boys and eighty one girls 10-15 years with normal occlusion. Measurments were recorded, tabulated and analyzed on the lateral cephalograms by the degree of SNA, SNB and ANB. The following characterisitics of the Class II, Division 1 skeletal pattern were observed. 1. The anteroposterior relationship of the maxilla to the cranium in the Class II, Division 1 was very similar to that of normal occlusion. 2. Mandible of the Class II, Division 1 malocclusion was in the posterrior position in relation to the cranial anatomy when compared to normal. 3. The chin point as measured by SN Pog and NS Gn showed distal positioning in relation to normal occlusion. 4. SN to mandibular planc angle was large in Class II, Division 1 malocclusion. 5. Mandibular incisor inclination was not significantly different between Class II, Division 1 malocclusion and normal occlusion, but maxillary incisors inclined and positioned labially and consequently overjet was large in Class II, Division 1 malocclusion. 6. Class II, Division 1 malocclusion was divided into four types of craniofacial skeletal pattern. The most common Class II. Division 1 pattern was found to be type C in which SN-Mand. Pl. was above mean range of normal occlusion. The next frequent pattern was found to be type A in which maxilla inclined.


MeSH Terms

Child
Chin
Female
Humans
Incidence
Incisor
Malocclusion
Mandible
Maxilla
Skull
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