J Korean Neurol Assoc.  2011 Nov;29(4):303-308.

Biochemical Aspirin Resistance Affect on Stroke Severity in Acute Stroke Patients Who Had Taken Aspirin

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. kh.cho.neuro@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Neurology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
There are conflicting data in the literature regarding aspirin resistance. This study evaluated the effect of biochemical aspirin resistance on initial stroke severity in acute stroke patients who had taken aspirin.
METHODS
We reviewed acute ischemic stroke patients who were already on aspirin. Biochemical aspirin resistance was defined as an aspirin reaction unit score of > or =550, as evidenced by the VerifyNow-Aspirin assay, which was performed after 4 days of continuous aspirin medication. Initial stroke severity was evaluated using National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores at day 4, which were dichotomized into mild (0-7) and severe (> or =8). Modified Rankin Scale scores were determined at 3 months. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Scores (ASPECTS) were assessed on initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). We examined the relationships between biochemical aspirin resistance and initial stroke severity.
RESULTS
Nine of 106 patients (8.5%) had biochemical aspirin resistance. The initial stroke severity was significantly associated with DWI-ASPECTS (p<0.001), initial C-reactive protein level (p=0.005), biochemical aspirin resistance (p=0.009), and stenosis or occlusion of the relevant artery (p=0.029). Multivariate analysis showed that biochemical aspirin resistance [odds ratio (OR), 15.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.49-93.31; p=0.003] and initial C-reactive protein level (per 1 mg/dL; OR, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.47-4.00; p=0.001) were independently associated with initial stroke severity (NIHSS score > or =8). However, biochemical aspirin resistance was not associated with clinical outcome at 3 months (p=0.366).
CONCLUSIONS
Biochemical aspirin resistance was independently associated with initial stroke severity. This suggests that detection of biochemical aspirin resistance in acute ischemic stroke is useful when choosing the optimal treatment.

Keyword

Aspirin; Resistance; Stroke; Prevention
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