J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2014 Jan;53(1):40-53. 10.4306/jknpa.2014.53.1.40.

The Effect of Group Music Therapy on the Social Function and Interpersonal Relationship in Outpatients with Schizophrenia

  • 1Faculty of Public Health, Wonkwang University Graduate School, Iksan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Gunsan Medical Center, Gunsan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. psysangyeol@hanmail.net


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of group music therapy on social function and interpersonal relationships in outpatients with schizophrenia.
A total of 24 outpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (with music therapy : 12 patients) or a control group (without music therapy : 12 patients). Patients assigned to the experimental group received 18 sessions of group music therapy at Iksan Community Mental Health Center. Twenty individuals with schizophrenia completed a battery of measures, including the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), Social Skill Scale, Korean-Social Functioning Scale (SFS-K), Interpersonal Functioning Scale, and the Relationship Change Scale at baseline and end point.
After 18 sessions of group music therapy, the experimental group showed significant improvements compared with the control group in the PANSS (positive, negative, general psychopathology), GAF, social skill, interpersonal relationship, some SFS-K domains (social withdrawal, recreation, independence performance), and some Relationship Change Scale domains (communication, confidence, affection, openness, understanding).
These results suggest that group music therapy seems to be effective for treatment of psychopathology, social function, and interpersonal relationships of schizophrenic patients. However, the small sample size was a limitation of this study.


Group music therapy; Social function; Interpersonal relationship; Schizophrenia

MeSH Terms

Mental Health
Music Therapy*
Sample Size

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