J Korean Child Neurol Soc.  2013 Sep;21(3):190-194.

Use of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Konyang University College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 2Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea. hipo0207@yuhs.ac

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction or intermittent complete obstruction that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns. Untreated OSAS can cause various problems such as cognitive deficit, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, failure to thrive and mood disorder. Therefore, early diagnosis and proper management is very important. The gold standard of diagnosis of OSAS is overnight polysomnography. Treatment includes the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and weight loss in obese children. Here, we present an obese 15-year-old boy presented with obstructive sleep apnea and attention deficit. He was diagnosed with OSAS by polysomnography and was successfully treated with CPAP.

Keyword

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; Continuous positive airway pressure; Obesity; Adolescent
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