J Korean Burn Soc.  2014 Dec;17(2):81-85. 10.0000/jkbs.2014.17.2.81.

Effective Dressing Considering Adhesion and Absorptance in Treatment of Second Degree Facial Burn

Affiliations
  • 1Derpartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kepco Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. zzcrunch@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
In second degree burn injuries of face, it is important to solve much discharge of early burn wound and shorten healing time. We introduce methodical and effective dressing in treatment of second degree facial burn at focus to solve much discharge of early burn wound and to shorten healing time.
METHODS
From March, 2011 to December 2013, a study was done with 398 patients who had second degree burn wound on face. Initially we performed dressing with hydrofiber agent (Aquacel(R)). After cleansing with saline, Vasaline guaze was layed on face, and hydrofiber agent were layed over it, and Vasaline guaze was layed over there again, then saline wet guaze dressing performed. When we changed dressing daily, we evaluated burn wound degree. In superficial second degree burn wound like pinkish colored wound, we repeated hydrofiber agent and saline wet guaze dressing. In deep second degree burn wound like pale or mottled colored wound, we changed dressing with cultured allogenic keratinocyte (Kaloderm(R)).
RESULTS
Number of patients with only superficial second degree burn wound was 272, with superficial second degree and deep second degree burn wound together was 113, with only deep second degree burn wound was 13. In only superficial second degree burn wound, the average healing time was 5.1 days with hydrofiber agent and saline wet dressing. In superficial second degree and deep second degree burn wound together, the average healing time was 7.2 days with hydrofiber agent and saline wet guaze dressing and cultured allogenic keratinocyte. In deep second degree burn wound, average healing time was 11 days with hydrofiber agent and saline wet guaze dressing and cultured allogenic keratinocyte.
CONCLUSION
In this strategy, hydrofiber agent is good to be attached on irregular surface of facial burn wound, and we use hydrofiber agent to make wet environment to promotion wound healing, not as absorbable material. We use Saline wet guaze as absorbable material. And after evaluation of degree of burn, we use cultured allogenic keratinocyte to promote wound healing in case of deep second degree burn. We think this strategy using hydrofiber agent and saline wet gauze and cultured allogenic keratinocyte on facial burn wound is very effective dressing method.

Keyword

Facial burn; Aquacel(R); Kaloderm(R)
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