J Korean Pediatr Soc.  1993 May;36(5):705-712.

Blood pressure measurement of school-aged children in Goesan


Since clinical significance of blood pressure level in childhood has been known, a several studies for the purpose of establishing normal blood pressure referece values in Korean school-aged children were performed. The author of this article measured normal blood pressure values for children in an elementary school, and two middle schools of Korean rural area using mercury sphygmomanometer. The results were as follows: 1) Systolic and diastolic blood pressure values increased according as age and height increased. Abrupt increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure values at 11 years of age in both sexes was observed. 2) Average values of systolic/diastolic blood pressure in 6 year-old boys were 106/61 mmHg and these values increased with rates of 1.5 mmHg/yr (systolic blood pressure), 1.0 mmHg/yr (diastolic blood pressure). Similarily, the values in 6 year-old girls were 103/60 mmHg and they increased with the rate of 2.0 mmHg/yr (systolic blood pressure) and 1.5 mmHg/yr (diastolic blood pressure). 3) As the distribution of blood pressure level was observed in view of age and height reference, there were no biologically and statistically significant discrepancies in blood pressure level between boys and girls. 4) A strong positive correlationship with each parameters was observed in both sexes. 5) Blood pressure values for 50, 90, 95 percentile were presented in table and figure.


Blood pressure; School-Aged children; Korea

MeSH Terms

Blood Pressure*
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