J Minim Invasive Surg.  2014 Mar;17(1):1-4. 10.7602/jmis.2014.17.1.1.

Trocar Size Selection for Trans-Trocar Appendix Removal in Laparoscopic Appendectomy

  • 1Department of Surgery, Gyeongju Hospital, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. netetern@naver.com


Many disposable laparoscopic instruments are used in laparoscopic surgery. There are several disadvantages in use of disposable laparoscopic instruments, including cost ineffectiveness, environmental contamination, and resource recycling. In addition, a disposable specimen bag has been used in laparoscopic appendectomy. Use of the trans-trocar appendix removal technique provides several advantages compared to use of a specimen bag. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the adequate trocar size for trans-trocar appendix removal.
A total of 62 patients undergoing appendectomy between June 2012 and September 2012 were identified. After appendectomy, we performed a trans-trocar test using removed appendix specimen and trocars. Three different types of trocars were used for the trans-trocar test, 5 mm, 12 mm, and 11 mm Xcel(R) (Ethicon). We analyzed the success rate.
Significant relationships were observed between maximal specimen diameter and body mass index. When BMI was below 20, the success rate of the 11 mm trocar was 86% in the trans-trocar appendix removal test. When BMI was between 20 and 25, the success rate of the 12 mm trocar was 71%, but that of 11 mm was 57%. When BMI was above 25, the success rate of the 15 mm trocar was 62%.
Although this study had many limitations, a large-sized trocar was needed for trans-trocar appendix removal in more body mass index. When BMI is below 20, an 11 mm trocar is recommended in trans-trocar appendix removal. When BMI is between 20 and 25, a 12 mm trocar is. When BMI is above 25, a 15 mm trocar and a disposable specimen bag are recommended. Further continuous study will be needed for analysis of clinical outcome.


Laparoscopy; Appendectomy; Trocar

MeSH Terms

Body Mass Index
Surgical Instruments*
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