Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.  2002 Aug;35(8):584-589.

The Clinical Experience of The Descending Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Surgery

  • 1Department of Thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Korea.


BACKGROUND: The thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic surgery is a complicated procedure that has various method of approach and protection. The authors have performed several methods to treat these diseases. Therefore, we attempt to analyze their results and risks. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From June of 1992 to August of 2001, we performed 26 cases of thoracic aortic surgery and 10 cases of thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. There were 17 aortic dissections, 17 aortic aneurysms, one coarctation of aorta and one traumatic aortic aneurysm. The thoracic aortic replacement was performed under a femorofemoral bypass, an LA to femoral bypass, or a deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The thoracoabdominal aortic replacement was performed under a femorofemoral bypass or a pump assisted rapid infusion. RESULT: There were 7 renal failures, 11 hepatopathies, 7 cerebral vascular accidents, 2 heart failures, 5 respiratory insufficiencies, and 2 sepsis in postoperative period. There were 9 hospital mortalities which were from 2 bleedings, 2 heart failures, 2 renal failures, a sepsis, a respiratory failure, and a cerebral infarction. There were 3 late deaths which were from ruptured distal anastomosis, cerebral infarction, and pneumonia.
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest was not good supportive methods for thoracic aortic replacement. Total thoracoabdominal aortic replacement was a high risk operation.


Aortic aneurysm, thoracoabdominal; Aneurysm, dissection; Aorta, thoracic; Aorta, thoraco-abelominal; Aorta, Surgery

MeSH Terms

Aorta, Thoracic
Aortic Aneurysm
Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic
Aortic Coarctation
Cerebral Infarction
Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced
Hospital Mortality
Postoperative Period
Renal Insufficiency
Respiratory Insufficiency
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