Ann Surg Treat Res.  2014 Aug;87(2):94-99. 10.4174/astr.2014.87.2.94.

Pancreaticoduodenectomy for secondary periampullary cancer following extrahepatic bile duct cancer resection

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dwchoi@skku.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study addressed the feasibility and effect of surgical treatment of metachronous periampullary carcinoma after resection of the primary extrahepatic bile duct cancer. The performance of this secondary curative surgery is not well-documented.
METHODS
We reviewed, retrospectively, the medical records of 10 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for secondary periampullary cancer following extrahepatic bileduct cancer resection from 1995 to 2011.
RESULTS
The mean age of the 10 patients at the second operation was 61 years (range, 45-70 years). The primary cancers were 7 hilar cholangiocarcinomas, 2 middle common bile duct cancers, and one cystic duct cancer. The secondary cancers were 8 distal common bile duct cancers and 2 carcinomas of the ampulla of Vater. The second operations were 6 Whipple procedures and 4 pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomies. The mean interval between primary treatment and metachronous periampullary cancer was 20.6 months (range, 3.4-36.6 months). The distal resection margin after primary resection was positive for high grade dysplasia in one patient. Metachronous tumor was confirmed by periampullary pathology in all cases. Four of the 10 patients had delayed gastric emptying (n = 2) or pancreatic fistula (n = 2) after reoperation. There were no perioperative deaths. Median survival after PD was 44.6 months (range, 8.5-120.5 months).
CONCLUSION
Based on the postoperative survival rate, PD may provide an acceptable protocol for resection in patients with metachronous periampullary cancer after resection of the extrahepatic bile duct cancer.

Keyword

Extrahepatic bile duct; Cholangiocarcinoma; Metachronous neoplasms; Pancreaticoduodenectomy

MeSH Terms

Ampulla of Vater
Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic*
Cholangiocarcinoma
Common Bile Duct
Cystic Duct
Gastric Emptying
Humans
Medical Records
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Pancreatic Fistula
Pancreaticoduodenectomy*
Pathology
Reoperation
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
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