Korean J Urol.  1998 Jul;39(7):689-693.

Anterior Vaginal Wall Sling for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Sungkyunkwan University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Urology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The vaginal wall sling was introduced by Raz as a simpler and lessmorbid alternative to fascial or synthetic slings for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of anterior vaginal wall sling in the management of women with anatomical incontinence(Al) and intrinsic sphincteric deficiency(ISD).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We performed vaginal wall sling on 46 consecutive women with stress incontinence. Preoperative evaluation included voiding cystourethrogaphy, urodynamic study, cystocsopy and incontinence staging with SEAPI classification. Postoperative subjective SEAPI outcome measures and assessment of complications were checked on a 3-month basis.
RESULTS
Of the patients 19(49%) had Al and 27(59%) had ISD. Median follow-up was 8 months (range 6 to 10). Mean operation time was 65 minutes. At follow-up all of the patients reported no stress incontinence and 15% reported urge incontinence. De novo urge incontinence did not occur. Complications included prolonged voiding difficulty(8,7%), suprapubic pain(8.7%), and pain on leg abduction(4.3%). Four patients had a prolonged time to gain complete bladder emptying, which required more than 3 weeks to resolve. Permanent urinary retention has not occurred in any patient.
CONCLUSIONS
Vaginal wall sling is a safe, simple and effective procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence due to Al and ISD.

Keyword

Stress urinary incontinence; Anterior vaginal wall sling

MeSH Terms

Classification
Female*
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Leg
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Urinary Bladder
Urinary Incontinence*
Urinary Incontinence, Urge
Urinary Retention
Urodynamics
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