Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  2011 Jan;42(1):11-19.

The Efficacy and Safety of Fully Covered Self-expandable Metal Stents in Benign Extrahepatic Biliary Strictures

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea. smpark@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
For the endoscopic treatment of benign biliary strictures (BBS), it has been a drawback to use plastic stents or uncovered self-expandable metal stents. We investigated the efficacy and safety of temporary placing fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) in BBS.
METHODS
We enrolled 12 cases that followed up more than 6 months after insertion of a FCSEMS in BBS via ERCP. The cohort consisted of 9 patients with recurrent cholangitis, 2 patients with postcholecystectomy and 1 patient with chronic pancreatitis. The efficacy was assessed according to the resolution of strictures and also the restricture after stent removal, and the safety was evaluated according to the complications associated with stent placement. Finally, the removability of FCSEMSs was assessed.
RESULTS
The median time of FCSEMS placement was 6.0 months. Resolution of the BBS was confirmed in 8 cases (67%) after a median post-removal follow-up of 8.5 months. Restricture after stent removal happened in 4 cases (33%). The complications were severe abdominal pain (n=2), pancreatic abscess (n=1) and stent migration (n=6). In 7 cases, all the FCSEMSs were successfully removed by grasping them with forceps.
CONCLUSIONS
Temporary placement of a FCSEMS in BBS showed good therapeutic effects, relative safety and easy removability. Further evaluation is needed for determining the causes of restricture and for developing a new stent with antimigration features.

Keyword

Fully covered self-expandable metal stent; Benign biliary strictures
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