Korean J Anesthesiol.  2011 Jan;60(1):47-51. 10.4097/kjae.2011.60.1.47.

Inadvertent arterial insertion of a central venous catheter: delayed recognition with abrupt changes in pressure waveform during surgery: A case report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. jhanes@yuhs.ac
  • 2Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

We present a case of inadvertent arterial insertion of a central venous catheter, identified during a pericardiectomy procedure after observing abrupt changes in pressure waveform and confirmed via arterial blood gas analysis and transesophageal echocardiography. Central venous pressure measurement was initially 20 mmHg in supine, and then elevated to 30-40 mmHg in right lateral decubitus, presumably resulting from constrictive physiology of pericarditis. The pressure waveforms, however, abruptly changed from a venous to an arterial waveform during surgery. When visual discrimination between arterial and venous blood regurgitation is unreliable, anesthesiologists should confirm that using all the available methods one has on the scene, especially after at least two unsuccessful attempts or in patients with advanced age or clinical conditions resulting in jugular venous dilation. To prevent arterial catheterization, one should limit the leftward rotation of the head by <40degrees and consider using ultrasound-guided method after more than two unsuccessful attempts.

Keyword

Arterial insertion; Central venous catheterization; Intraoperative complication

MeSH Terms

Blood Gas Analysis
Catheterization
Catheterization, Central Venous
Catheters
Central Venous Catheters
Central Venous Pressure
Discrimination (Psychology)
Echocardiography, Transesophageal
Head
Humans
Intraoperative Complications
Pericardiectomy
Pericarditis
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