Brain Neurorehabil.  2014 Sep;7(2):71-75. 10.12786/bn.2014.7.2.71.

Novel Approaches of Non-Invasive Stimulation Techniques to Motor Rehabilitation Following Stroke: A Review

  • 1Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, USA.


This review intends to synthesize our understanding of the effects of novel approach of non-invasive peripheral nerve and brain stimulation techniques in motor rehabilitation and the potential role of these techniques in clinical practice. The ability to induce cortical plasticity with non-invasive stimulation techniques has provided novel and exciting opportunities for examining the role of the human cortex during a variety of behaviors literature concerning non-invasive stimulation technique incorporated into stroke research is young, limiting the ability to draw consistent conclusions. In this review we discuss how these techniques can enhance the effects of a behavioral intervention and the clinical evidence for its use to date.


functional electrical stimulation; paired-associative stimulation; repetitive TMS; tDCS; plasticity
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