J Korean Med Sci.  2014 Sep;29(9):1217-1225. 10.3346/jkms.2014.29.9.1217.

Benefits of a Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) Technique with One Icodextrin-Containing and Two Biocompatible Glucose-Containing Dialysates for Preservation of Residual Renal Function and Biocompatibility in Incident CAPD Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. kimcmc@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

In a prospective randomized controlled study, the efficacy and safety of a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) technique has been evaluated using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates a day. Eighty incident CAPD patients were randomized to two groups; GLU group continuously using four glucose-containing dialysates (n=39) and ICO group using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates (n=41). Variables related to residual renal function (RRF), metabolic and fluid control, dialysis adequacy, and dialysate effluent cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels were measured. The GLU group showed a significant decrease in mean renal urea and creatinine clearance (-Delta1.2+/-2.9 mL/min/1.73 m2, P=0.027) and urine volume (-Delta363.6+/-543.0 mL/day, P=0.001) during 12 months, but the ICO group did not (-Delta0.5+/-2.7 mL/min/1.73 m2, P=0.266; -Delta108.6+/-543.3 mL/day, P=0.246). Peritoneal glucose absorption and dialysate calorie load were significantly lower in the ICO group than the GLU group. The dialysate CA125 and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the ICO group than the GLU group. Dialysis adequacy, beta2-microglobulin clearance and blood pressure did not differ between the two groups. The CAPD technique using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates tends to better preserve RRF and is more biocompatible, with similar dialysis adequacy compared to that using four glucose-containing dialysates in incident CAPD patients. [Clincal Trial Registry, ISRCTN23727549]

Keyword

Biocompatibility; Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory; Icodextrin, Randomized Controlled Trial; Residual Renal Function
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