Korean J Parasitol.  2014 Oct;52(5):569-573. 10.3347/kjp.2014.52.5.569.

V-shaped Pits in Regions of Ancient Baekje Kingdom Paleoparasitologically Confirmed as Likely Human-Waste Reservoirs

Affiliations
  • 1Bioanthropology and Paleopathology Lab, Institute of Forensic Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea.
  • 2Buyeo Cultural Heritage Center, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do 323-802, Korea.
  • 3Department of Anatomy, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-715, Korea.
  • 4Korea National University of Cultural Heritage, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do 323-812, Korea.
  • 5Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799, Korea.
  • 6Department of Parasitology and Research Center for Mummy, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-715, Korea. bbbenji@naver.com

Abstract

In a paleo-parasitological analysis of soil samples obtained from V-shaped pits dating to the ancient Baekje period in Korean history, we discovered Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Clonorchis sinensis eggs. In light of the samples' seriously contaminated state, the V-shaped pits might have served as toilets, cesspits, or dung heaps. For a long period of time, researchers scouring archaeological sites in Korea have had difficulties locating such structures. In this context then, the present report is unique because similar kind of the ancient ruins must become an ideal resource for successful sampling in our forthcoming paleoparasitological studies.

Keyword

Ascaris lumbricoides; Trichuris trichiura; Clonorchis sinensis; helminth egg; paleoparasitology; Baekje Kingdom; V-shaped pit
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